Formula Performance Archives

Ceramic Series J601CR

J601CR offers:

Good green characteristics/ Shorter bedding-in time

A long usage life

Good braking performance under high temperatures and speeds

An environment-friendly formula(No asbestos)

Comfortable pedal feeling and lower braking noise

Less damage on rotor and less dust after braking



Performances Test Summary

Performance Applied Standard Test Equipment Photo
Density SAE J380 MP3002 Density Balance
Hardness GB5766-2007 Rockwell Hardness Tester
pH Value JASO C458-86 PHS-25 Model pH Value Tester
Shear Strength ISO6312-2010 MYJ-100J Model Shear Tester
Porosity QC/T 583 DF-ⅡModel Magnetic Heating Stirrer
Impact Strength GB5763-2008 JURID(Honeywell) Compressibility Test Machine
Compressibility ISO6310-2009 XD-MSM Model Constant Speed Test Machine
Constant Speed Test GB5763-2008 RP Model Chase Machine
Chase Test SAEJ661a Link1500 Model DYNO
Dynamometer Brake Effectiveness SAE J2522 XJJ Model Impact Strength Test Machine
Dynamometer Noise Test SAE J2521 Link3000 Model DYNO
Wear Test JASO-C427 Link1500 Model DYNO


Physical Properties

Density
Temperature [c0] Operation Remarks
1 R.T Weight In Air
2 R.T Weight In Water

Hardness
Scale Rockwell Penetrator Diameter,mm Standards Loading [N] Test Loading [N]
1 R HRR 12.7 98.07 588.4

pH Value
Scale pH Value (Buffer Solution) Soak Solution
1 0.00~14.00 4.00, 6.86, 9.18 KCl(aq.3mol/L)

Shear Strength
Positive Pressure [MPa] Shear Force [KN] Loading Ratio [N/s] Power [KW]
1 0-0.5 0-100 4500±500 1.5

Porosity
Temperature [c0] Time [hr] Remarks
1 90±10 8 In Oil
2 90±10→R.T Over 12 In Oil

Impact Strength
Impact Speed [m/s] Impact Power [J] Impact Angel [°] Sample size [mm]
1 2.9 0.5 150 55*10*6

Density (g/cm3) 2.25~2.35
pH Value 8.40~8.60
Porosity/% 4.70~5.00%
Hardness/HRR 70~80
Shear (N/mm2) >5.00
Impact (KJ/m2) 0.900~1.150

Compressibility
Load Increment Ratio [Mpa/sec] Intial Loading [Mpa] Test Loading [Mpa] Cycle
1 8±1 0.5 2~16 3

Compressibility (R.T.)
Load/bar 160 100 20 40 60 160 100 20 40 60
Cycle 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1
Mean Value [µm]
109.1
[µm]
76.0
[µm]
17.1
[µm]
35.4
[µm]
50.8
[µm]
155.9
[µm]
105.2
[µm]
27.8
[µm]
51.5
[µm]
71.1

Compressibility (400℃)
Load/bar 160 100 20 40 60 160 100 20 40 60
Cycle 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1
Mean Value [µm]
109.1
[µm]
76.0
[µm]
17.1
[µm]
35.4
[µm]
50.8
[µm]
155.9
[µm]
105.2
[µm]
27.8
[µm]
51.5
[µm]
71.1



Friction and wear (constant speed)

Equipment Name: Constant speed tester
Standard Applied: GB5763-2008
Test Temperature (c0) Friction Coefficient Coefficient appointed Wear Rate 10-7cm3/(N·m) Test Temperature (c0) Friction Coefficient
Warming Cooling
Wear Rate
10-7cm3/(N·m)
100 0.25-0.65 0.35±0.08 0-0.50 100 0.28 0.39 0.11
150 0.25-0.70 0.35±0.10 0-0.70 150 0.36 0.46 0.09
200 0.25-0.70 0.35±0.10 0-1.00 200 0.53 0.49 0.09
250 0.25-0.70 0.35±0.10 0-1.50 250 0.54 0.51 0.04
300 0.25-0.70 0.35±0.12 0-2.00 300 0.48 0.49 0.20
350 0.25-0.70 0.35±0.12 0-2.50 350 0.25 0.08


Friction and wear (chase)

Equipment Name: Constant speed tester
Standard Applied: SAE J661A
Before Test After Test Loss Loss%
Weight (g) 8.88 8.60 0.28 3.15%
Thickniss (mm) 6.58 6.42 0.16 2.43%
μ normal 0.44 hot 0.46


Friction and wear (DYNO)

Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Final Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
6.1 30 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.2 192 80km/h 30km/h 15,30,15,18,22,38
15,26,18,34,15,26
15,22,30,46,26,51
22,18,42,15,18,46
26,15,34,22,18,30 18,38
cycles 6
100 oC
6.3 6 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.4.1 8 40km/h 5km/h 10~80 100 oC
6.4.2 8 80km/h 40km/h 10~80 100 oC
6.4.3 8 120km/h 80km/h 10~80 100 oC
6.4.4 8 160km/h 130km/h 10~80 100 oC
6.4.5 8 200km/h 170km/h 10~80 100 oC
6.5 6 80km/h km/h 30 100 oC
6.6 1 40km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.7 2 100km/h
90% of Vmax
5km/h
50% of Vmax
0.4g 100 oC
6.8 6 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.9 15 100km/h 5km/h 0.4g 100 oC
6.10 18 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.11 8 80km/h 30km/h 10~80 100 oC
6.12.1 9 km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.12.2 8 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC
6.13 18 80km/h 30km/h 0.4g 100 oC
6.14 15 100km/h 5km/h 30 100 oC
6.15 18 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC


Vehicle Information
Sample Model PN8264
Engine Size 2.0
Required Load 597Kg
Required Inertia 56.7kg·m2
Piston Diameter 55.0mm
Effective Radius 107.0mm
Sample Model PN8465
Engine Size 2.0
Required Load 597Kg
Required Inertia 56.7kg·m2
Piston Diameter 55.0mm
Effective Radius 112.0mm
Dynamometer Brake
Effectiveness
Characteristic Values AVG MIN AVG MIN
Speed/pressure (6.1) μavg 0.297 0.312
Char. Value (6.2) μavg 0.270 0.294
Char. Value (6.3) μ0p6 0.260 0.279
Char. Value (6.4) μv120 0.248 0.293
Speed/pressure (6.4.3) μvmax 0.245 0.268
Char. Value (6.4.5) μ0p6 0.236 0.244
40℃ Brake Apply (6.5) μavg 0.243 0.219
Second Motorway (6.6) μavg 0.167 0.205
Char. Value (6.7) μ0p6 0.245 0.246
Fade 1 (6.8) μF1 0.155 0.155
Char. Value (6.9) μ0p6 0.273 0.267
Temperature (6.10) T500/μF30 0.292 0.292
Char. Value (6.12) μavg 0.303 0.294
Fade 2 (6.13) μF2 0.376 0.376
Char. Value (6.14) μv120 0.300 0.283
Nominal (6.15) 0.252

Noise Performance

Section 1-Break-in(Accrording to AK Noise Procedure) , Section 1 (30)
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Final Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
1.1 30 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC

Section 2-Bedding (32)-(As defined in AK Master)-Section 2
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Final Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
2.1 192 80km/h 30km/h 15,30,15,18,22,38
15,26,18,34,15,26
15,22,30,46,26,51
22,18,42,15,18,46
26,15,34,22,18,30 18,38
cycles 6
100 oC

Optional Section 3 -Friction Characteristic Value After Break-in (6)-(As defined in AK Master)
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Final Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
3.1 6 80km/h 30km/h 30 100 oC

Optional Section 3 -Friction Characteristic Value After Break-in (6)-(As defined in AK Master)
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
4.1 same 3&10km/h(Altemate) 0,30,5,25,10,20,15 50 0C
4.2 same same same 75 0C
4.3 same same same 100 0C
4.4 same same same 125 0C
4.5 same same same 150 0C
4.6 same same same 175 0C
4.7 same same same 200 0C
4.8 same same same 225 0C
4.9 same same same 250 0C
4.10 same same same 300 0C
4.11 same same same 250 0C
4.12 same same same 225 0C
4.13 same same same 200 0C
4.14 same same same 175 0C
4.15 same same same 150 0C
4.16 same same same 125 0C
4.17 same same same 100 0C
4.18 same same same 75 0C
4.19 same same same 50 0C

Section 5- Intermediate Conditioning and Warm-up Module (24)
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Final Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
5.1 12 50km/h 30km/h 30,5,25,10,20,15 100 oC
5.2 same same same same 150 oC

Section 6-Backward/forward (50)
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
6.1 same 3,-3 km/h(Altemate) 0,20,5,15,10 150 0C
6.2 same same same 125 0C
6.3 same same same 100 0C
6.4 same same same 75 0C
6.5 same same same 50 0C

Section 7-Deceleration Module (108)
Cycle # Of Application Intital Speed Final Speed Pressure (bar) Intital Temp
7.1 12 50km/h 0km/h 30,5,25,10,20,15 50 oC
7.2 same same same same 100 oC
7.3 same same same same 150 oC
7.4 same same same same 200 oC
7.5 same same same same 250 oC
7.6 same same same same 200 oC
7.7 same same same same 150 oC
7.8 same same same same 100 oC
7.9 same same same same 50 oC

Run 2 stops for each pressure.For example, 5 bar at 50℃ for 2 stops. Then run 10 bar at 50℃ for 2 stops.
Continue this for the remaining pressures.Do this for all 9 cycles.


Section 7-Deceleration Module (108)

Repeat Section 3 above

Section 9-Drag Module (226)

Repeat Section 4 above

Section 10-Intermediate Conditioning and Warm-Up Module (24)

Repeat Section 5 above

Section 11-Backward/Forward (50)

Repeat Section 6 above

Section 12-Deceleration Module (108)

Repeat Section 7 above

Section 13-Friction Characteristic Value After Break-in (6)

Repeat Section 3 above

Section 14-Drag Module(266)

Repeat Section 4 above

Section 15-Intermediate Condirioning and Warm-Up Module (242)

Repeat Section 5 above

Section 16-Backward/Forward(50)

Repeat Section 6 above

Section 17-Deceleration Module (108)

Repeat Section 7 above

Section 18-Friction Characteristic Value After Break-in (6)

Repeat Section 3 above



SAE J2521

Fixture identification: PN8264

Required Wheel Load: 597.0kg

Actural Wheel Load: 597.0kg

Required Inertia: 56.7kg m2

Actural Inertia: 56.8kg m2

Pri/Lead/Inner Lining: J601CR

Sec/Trail/Outer Lining: J601CR

Comments: With nomal shim No knuckle



Number of Noisy Stop
(per frecuency range / apply type)
Percentage (%) Noisy Stop
(per frecuency range / apply type)
Frecuency range Threshold Overall Drag Decel Back/Fwd Overall Drag Decel Back/Fwd
2 kHz to 17 kHz >70 dB(A)
>80 dB(A)
4
0
3
0
1
0
0
0
0.3%
0.0%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
2 kHz to 4 kHz >70 dB(A)
>80 dB(A)
2
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
4 kHz to 6 kHz >70 dB(A)
>80 dB(A)
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
6 kHz to 10 kHz >70 dB(A)
>80 dB(A)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
10 kHz to 14 kHz >70 dB(A)
>80 dB(A)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
14 kHz to 17 kHz >70 dB(A)
>80 dB(A)
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0.1%
0.0%
0.3%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
Total of Stops 1430 798 482 150


100 200 300 400 100 total
PN8264 0.04 0.1 0.36 1.35 1.49 3.33
PN8465 0.03 0.05 0.12 1.09 0.41 1.70


100 200 300 400 100 total
PN8264 0.25 1.75 4.50 18.00 14.50 39.00
PN8465 0.05 1.5 2.50 17.75 4.00 25.75


Application Recommendation

Formulation Ceramic
Product Rank Good/Economic Better/Medium Best/Premium
Friction Coefficient level FF
Vehicle types recommended Passager cars(PC) with swept volume below 4.0(include mini PC,light PC,compact PC, medium PC and heavy PC);SUV;Pick-ups;
Road conditions recommended City road;Highway road;Suburban road;Country road; Hill road;
Eng